Requirements on locomotives and passenger units
New locomotives and passenger units shall normally be authorised according "The harmonised approach". This mean that the vehicles shall fulfil the requirements according relevant TSIs (European Technical Specifications for Interoperability) and national requirements regarding open points and specific cases in the TSIs.
Transitional rule on using independent reviewers
According to the transition rule to the Railway Technology Act (2022:366), older regulations may be applied to cases and matters initiated before the Act enters into force. This means that if you have an ongoing case before 1 June 2022 for authorisation in the One-Stop Shop or for temporary authorisation or for an independent reviewer at the Swedish Transport Agency, you may continue to use an independent reviewer instead of a Designated Body (DeBo) in the authorisation process for the vehicle in question.
New locomotives and passenger units shall normally fulfil the following TSIs for the authorisation:
- TSI Locomotives and passenger rolling stock, Commission regulation (EU) no. 1302/2014.
- TSI Noise, Commission regulation (EU) no. 1304/2014.
- TSI Accessibility for persons with reduced mobility, Commission regulation (EU) no. 1300/2014, not applied for locomotives.
TSI Control-command and signalling shall be applied for vehicles with the train protection system ETCS. Link to page on On Board CCS
Also upgrading and renewal of authorised vehicles shall fulfil requirements of these TSIs, however only regarding the modified functions.
The Swedish Transport Agency and the European Rail Agency (ERA) have issued a number of technical documents and guide lines to facilitate the application of the TSIs and authorisation of rail vehicles.. Below you find the guidelines regarding locomotives and passenger units.
- ERA/ERTMS/033281: "Interfaces between Control-Command and Signalling trackside and other subsystems"
- ERA/TD/2012–17/INT rev 3.0: "Running dynamics – Application of EN 14363 – Modifications and clarifications"
- ERA/GUI/07-2011/INT: Guide for the application of TSI LOC&PAS
- ERA: Guide to TSI NOI
When application for authorisation of a vehicle (or a series of vehicles) the applicant shall engage one or more notified bodies. These notified bodies shall assess the vehicle and issue a certificate of compliance to the TSI(-s). The applicant is responsible for identify the applicable national requirements for the authorisation. In case of an upgrading or renewal shall the entity managing the change apply article 15 and 16 in regulation (EU) 2018/545.
National requirements, open points and specific cases
TSI-compliant locomotives and passenger units shall fulfil the TSI-requirements and national requirements regarding open points and specific cases in the relevant TSIs. Some new TSIs went into force 1 January 2015, they are applicable on the whole European railway network.
In the TSIs there are some specific cases which are necessary for the interoperability vehicle – infrastructure including the Nordic winter climate conditions. There are also open points in the TSI where there are no requirements given in the TSIs. New, upgraded and renewed vehicles shall be assessed according to national requirements regarding specific cases and open points. The applicant shall engage one or several designated bodies (DeBo) that shall review the national rules.
There are requirements set in the Swedish regulations on rail vehicles (TSFS 2022:36). In the TSI Locomotives and passenger units (EU nr 1302/2014) most of these functions are set. For new, upgraded and renewed vehicles the TSI requirements should apply. Our regulation are only applicable for specific cases and open points.
Guidelines for locomotives and passenger units
The following guidelines states technical solutions for authorisation of a locomotive or a passenger unit (some are only available in Swedish):
- The Swedish Transport Agency guide: Assessment of railway vehicles interaction with Swedish railway infrastructure and other functions.
- The Swedish Transport Agency guide: Guideline for issuing report for assessment of railway vehicles interaction with Swedish railway infrastructure, link in Swedish.
- TDOK 2015.0143: Vehicle gauges. Requirement for reference contours of vehicles (BVS 1586.22) link in Swedish.
- TDOK 2014.0774: Requirements for electrical interoperability with the energy sub system and with other vehicles. Some specific cases for SE are detailed in this guideline (BVS 543.19300) link in Swedish.
- TDOK 2014.0775: Requirements on pantographs and the interoperability between pantograph and catenary (BVS 543.330) link in Swedish. Some specific cases for SE are detailed in this guideline link.
- TDOK 2014.0690: Detectors Requirements for hot axle box and hot wheel thread detection (BVS 1592.0201), link in Swedish. There are some specific cases for Sweden in the TSI link.
- TDOK 2014.0776: Requirement for train detection by track circuits (BVS 544.14002), link in Swedish.
- The Swedish Transport Administration: Study on risk of collision in point switches due distance between buffer end and first axle of train in combination with short distance between insulated joint and fouling point, link in Swedish.
- The Swedish Transport Agency guide: Guideline for driving cab, driver's manuals and safety equipment in locomotives and multiple units, link in Swedish. This guideline is valid for vehicles with drivers cab. It sets a requirement that there shall be manuals in the driver's language in the cab. There shall also be maintenance instructions in the user's language link.
- The Swedish Transport Agency guide: Guideline for issuing rescue cards for railway and other rail vehicles, link in Swedish. The objective of this guide is to show the rescue service how to work with a crashed vehicle link.
- The Swedish Transport Agency´s template for rescue card, link in Swedish.
- The Swedish Transport Agency guide: Guideline for authorisation of locomotives with a remote control function installed, link in Swedish.
- Regulation of running dynamics for vehicles with axle load up to 35 tons, link in Swedish.
In the TSI Locomotives and passenger units there is a specific case for Sweden saying that the vehicles shall be designed for operation in the Nordic winter conditions to get an authorisation without operational restrictions. The applicant should demonstrate the safety and reliability for operation in severe winter conditions. Hence The Swedish Transport Agency require experience operation to issue a "permanent" authorisation without operational restrictions.
To operate a rail vehicle on the Öresund link the vehicle has to be authorised both in Sweden and Denmark.
Extended area of use
Imported vehicles with an authorisation in another EU+-state also need an authorisation in Sweden. This is done by applying of authorisation for extended area of use in the One-Stop Shop.
Requirements for installation of train protection and train radio systems
New railway vehicles with a driving cab shall normally have the train protection system ETCS-STM installed. See requirement on the page "Requirements on onboard Command Control and Signalling.
All vehicles with a drivers cab shall have a GSM-R train radio installed. From 1 Juli 2016 this train radio has to be protected from disturbances from other radio systems.