Frequently asked questions about congestion tax
A control point, the 'Betalväg' (toll road) road sign and sign showing tariffs.
Vehicles are registered and identified automatically at control points through a photograph of their number plate being taken. The flow of traffic is not affected as drivers do not have to stop or slow down. Payment is made in arrears; there is no need to pay at the roadside.
There is a sign displaying the text 'Betalstation' (control point) at the control point, in addition to a road sign for 'betalväg' (toll road) and a sign displaying the tariffs (see images above). There is also a digital illuminated sign at the control point showing the current amount of the congestion tax. These illuminated signs display the web address of the Swedish Transport Agency at weekends, on holidays, evenings and at night, as no congestion tax is charged during these times.
Location of control points
Laser detectors sense when a vehicle is passing through a control point. The laser then triggers cameras that take photographs of the vehicle's number plates, first from the front and then from the rear. The camera crops the image so that only the number plate and the area nearest to the plate are shown. The vehicle's registration number is immediately identified in the camera using OCR technology (Optical Character Recognition).
- The vehicle passes a laser detector (B) which triggers cameras (D) and (A). An antenna for identification using transponders (no longer used) (C).
- A camera takes a photograph of the vehicle's front number plate (D).
- A camera takes a photograph of the vehicle's rear number plate (A).
Storage of information
Information registered at control points (date, time, control point, registration number and amount) and the tax decision made are stored until the tax has been paid and the processing of the matter completed.
Public information and classified information
A vehicle's tax decision is a public document. However, information about which control point the vehicle has passed and the time of the passage is classified. Classified information is only issued to the owner of the vehicle and may, following a special request, be sent by post to the population register address of the vehicle owner.
Cars, lorries and buses have to pay the congestion tax. However, emergency vehicles, EC mobile cranes and buses with a total weight of at least 14 tonnes, motorbikes and mopeds do not pay the tax.
The congestion tax is charged for vehicles that pass a control point on Monday to Friday between 06.00 and 18.29. The tax is not charged on Saturdays and Sundays, public holidays, days before a public holiday or in the month of July.
In order that the tax has a real impact on reducing traffic, the amounts charged are different at different times – the cost is highest during the periods and in the places where the traffic is heaviest.
The maximum amount per vehicle per day is SEK 60 in Gothenburg and SEK 105 in Stockholm.
|Tax for central Stockholm||Tax for Essingeleden|
|06:30-06:59||SEK 15||SEK 15|
|07:00-07:29||SEK 25||SEK 22|
|07:30-08:29||SEK 35||SEK 30|
|08:30-08:59||SEK 25||SEK 22|
|09:00-09:29||SEK 15||SEK 15|
|09:30-14:59||SEK 11||SEK 11|
|15:00-15:29||SEK 15||SEK 15|
|15:30-15:59||SEK 25||SEK 22|
|16:00-17:29||SEK 35||SEK 30|
|17:30-17:59||SEK 25||SEK 22|
|18:00-18:29||SEK 15||SEK 15|
You don't need to stop and pay at the control point. When you drive your vehicle past a control point, you pass a camera that takes a picture of your vehicle's registration plate. The picture is sent to the Swedish Transport Agency where the vehicle is identified. Then the Swedish Transport Agency sends a payment slip to the owner of the vehicle if the vehicle is registered in Sweden. If the vehicle is registered abroad, the Swedish Transport Agency has entrusted a notification partner to identify the owner of the vehicle, send out invoices to and obtain payments from the owner of the vehicle via EPASS24.
When you drive through the control point, you will see the tax rates shown on the digital screens on the ramp.
At the end of each month, the Swedish Transport Agency sends out a payment slip to owners of vehicles registered in Sweden. If the vehicle is registered abroad, the Swedish Transport Agency has entrusted a notification partner to identify the owner of the vehicle, send out invoices to and obtain payments from the vehicle owner via EPASS24.
The invoice contains information on the number of times the vehicle drove past a control point in the previous calendar month and the total amount to pay. The amount must be in the announced account no later than the date shown on the invoice.
As the owner of the vehicle, you are responsible for making sure that the tax is paid on time even if you have not received a payment notice. The payment slip states the total amount charged. The payment slip also contains information on the number of times the vehicle passed a control point and the amount per day. The amount must be paid no later than the date shown on the payment slip.
If you have not paid your tax in time, you will be charged an additional fee of SEK 500.
If the owner of the vehicle has more than SEK 5,000 in payments owing in Sweden and at least six months have passed since the amount should have been paid, the vehicle may be banned from use.
You drive past a payment station and the number of times the vehicle passed a control point in month 1 are recorded.
The tax decision for month 1 is made and a payment slip is sent out at the end of month 2.
The payment for month 1 must reach us by the date stated on the payment slip.
If you think that a tax decision on the congestion tax is wrong, you can appeal to the Swedish Tax Agency by letter.
Send your appeal via e-mail email@example.com or to the postal address below.
Swedish Tax Agency (Skatteverket)
SE-701 87 Örebro
Your request for an appeal should include the following:
- the registration number of the vehicle
- the date of the tax decision
- the reason you are appealing against the decision
- your name and your address
Appeals must be received by the Swedish Tax Agency no later than 60 days after the decision on the tax or the additional fee was made.
Taxes and any other charges incurred should be paid even if you appeal against a charging decision.
A single charge rule applies in Gothenburg. Under this rule, a vehicle that passes several payment stations within 60 minutes is only taxed once. The amount that must be paid is the highest one.
In Sweden infrastructure charges can only be charged for a newly built bridge, tunnel or mountain pass, for example, in order to cover the construction costs. If the bridge, tunnel or mountain pass has already been built using public money, under Swedish law no charges may be introduced at a later date.
Infrastructure charges are justified by the fact that the people who use the infrastructure are paying for it.
If the aim is to reduce congestion in Sweden's city areas, a congestion tax is used instead. Congestion taxes are justified by the fact that the people who are contributing towards congestion and environmental problems are paying for the costs to society this causes.