Accident investigation reports
Certain accidents at sea of particular interest result in accident investigation reports that shall be formatted according to international practice. A report begins with a summary section that is followed by a report of the facts and course of events. The material is assessed and the result presented in an analysis section.
An investigation is aimed at finding out what happened, why the accident happened and to try and identify measures to keep it from happening again. Based on that goal, the headings in the report are Observations, Recommendations, Damage Description and Conclusions.